Today, manufacturers can turn different strains of industrial hemp and cannabis plants (like the cannabis Indica) into different forms of CBD products which may or may not have THC content.
Learning everything you can about the cannabis plant can help you identify the different types of products it can create. The debate between hemp vs. marijuana is a good place to start, but further research may lead you to the differences between hemp oil and CBD oil.
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Hemp Oil vs CBD Oil: What is Hemp?
It can be confusing if you’re not familiar with cannabis. Hemp and CBD oil are not the same, even though they share the same biological classification. Both are classified as cannabis, even though there are distinct differences in use and chemical make-up.
Hemp comes from the Cannabis Sativa L plant. It is dioecious so growers can separate it into female and male plants. The male hemp plants are often used to fertilize the females. Like marijuana, hemp plants do contain some THC.
THC is the compound that gives you an intoxicating feeling. However, there is not enough in the plant to even get a first-time smoker “high.” Federal regulations state that the level of THC cannot be higher than 0.3 percent.
There are multiple uses for the entire hemp plant. The stems are used for fibers, while the protein-rich seeds make feedstock and are even taken as a dietary supplement. These are only a few of the many uses for hemp plants. For many people, the leaves and flowers are the most important part of the plant.
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Where does CBD Come From?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a chemical compound found in the Cannabis Sativa plant. This is a fast-growing plant with a shorter flowering period than other varieties. Growers can extract the CBD oil at a faster rate.
CBD oil usually comes from one of two sources – marijuana or hemp plants. The oil is extracted from trichomes which are found mainly in the flowers on the female plants. They are also on the leaves, though not as abundantly.
Trichomes are tiny outgrowths that give the plants a “sparkly” or “frost-kissed” appearance. They are often sticky and give the plants their strong aromas.
When it’s time to extract the CBD oil there are two common methods – winterization and short path distillation.
Winterization removes any unwanted additives from oil like fats, lipids, and waxes. To do so, the oil is heated to a high temperature. What remains, is crude CBD oil.
To continue to refine the oil, 200-proof alcohol is added, then the oil is frozen overnight. Using high heat again, the alcohol is evaporated, the oil restrained, and what is left is pure, filtered CBD oil.
Short Path Distillation
Short path distillation is similar to winterization. It also uses high heat to separate the oil from any impurities. Each compound is separated since boiling points differ.
The main difference is that the compounds travel a short distance between the beginning and ending process. Product loss is minimal since the vapors are constantly enclosed.
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Types of CBD Products: hemp oil vs CBD oil
There are several types of CBD products, sometimes the list can seem endless. Here are some of the common products derived from CBD oil.
- Oil concentrate: Made from the plant’s stalks and seeds, you can place a drop underneath your tongue, swallowed directly or added to food or drinks.
- Isolates: This liquid is ideal for making your CBD products. Usually, in powder form, it can be used in smoothies and added to other foods and drinks. It can also be taken directly or included in recipes for edibles.
- Capsules: These are a popular product with consumers. All you need is your favorite beverage to help wash the capsule down. They do not need to be refrigerated, so you can take the capsules with you.
- Gummies: Originally a favorite with younger generations, gummies are becoming popular with buyers of all ages. You can find gummies and other sweet treats infused with hemp.
- Tinctures and liquids: There are several uses for tinctures and liquids. They can be taken directly or added to your favorite drinks and foods. Some are even infused with natural flavorings for a less bitter taste.
There are also CBD products for hair, skin, and nails. These usually come in lotions, conditioners, and shampoos.
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Hemp vs. CBD: The Differences Explained
It’s not always easy knowing the difference between Hemp oil vs CBD oil, especially after you see the various product labels. Some of the product names include:
- Full-spectrum hemp extract
- Hemp-derived CBD oil
- CBD isolate
These are all liquids and in most instances do contain CBD oil, though the amount will vary. However, it should be listed on the bottle. But still, hemp oil vs CBD oil is different? Another label is “hemp oil,” and this might not be what you think it is. Hemp and CBD oil are different.
Hemp seed oil products contain less than .01 percent CBD.
CBD oil is extracted from the flowers and leaves, while hemp oil is made from the seeds. It is valued for its reported nutritional benefits, mainly protein, fiber, and omega fatty acids.
Even the extraction method is different. Hemp oil is cold-pressed from the seeds and CBD oil uses heat in its extraction process.
Final Verdict: Hemp Oil vs CBD?
When discussing which is the better option, it depends on what the product is being used for.
Both, by law, contain less than 0.3 percent THC so neither will give you a feeling of intoxication. This only comes from marijuana that contains higher amounts of THC.
Anyone that is looking for a healthy, all-natural supplement may take a look at hemp oil. It contains several essential vitamins and minerals. Some health food stores carry it next to flaxseed and fish oil. You can add it to salad dressings, smoothies, or even take a drop orally.
CBD oil, on the other hand, is a better option if you’re looking for a wellness supplement rather than a food supplement. If you are trying to decide which oil is better, it comes down to the reason you are using it and the effects you expect to get.
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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
How much CBD is in hemp oil?
- Hemp itself, of course, contains a large amount of CBD. But hemp oil is usually used in the food industry and in the cosmetic therefore it does not contain CBD.
CBD made from seeds or leaves?
- CBD oil get their hemp. But to obtain CBD, flowers, stems, and other parts of the plant are used, but not seeds. Various methods are used to extract CBD oil from hemp, for example, carbon dioxide, ethanol.
Is hemp oil CBD oil?
- Hemp oil is made from seeds, it contains almost no CBD. And CBD oil is made from flowers, leaves, and stems of hemp, it contains a high concentration of CBD.
What is the difference between hemp oil vs CBD?
- Hemp oil and CBD oil have different properties and affect the body in different ways. Since hemp oil is made from seeds where there is almost no CBD, and CBD oil is from other parts of plants, which leads to different properties of these oils.
What is better to use for pain relief CBD oil vs hemp oil?
- Hemp oil contains a lot of antioxidants, omega-3 and -6 fatty acids, which positively affect the body, but CBD oil, according to studies, has a positive effect on the relief of chronic pain. So CBD oil copes with the relief function of chronic pain.
What is better for anxiety, hemp oil vs CBD?
- According to many studies and statistics, it can be assumed that CBD oil works well with relieving anxiety. Hemp oil contains many beneficial substances, but it does not help with anxiety.